Skip to main content

mm_faq

Woman kissing young girl in Barrie, Ontario | Dry Eye And Myopia Management at Little Lake Family Eye Care Myopia Center

Home »

Dry Eye And Myopia Management

All parents considering myopia management for their children want to know that the treatments are safe, comfortable and effective. One particular concern is whether myopia treatments could affect their child’s dry eye syndrome.

Can a child with dry eye symptoms still be a candidate for each of the myopia management treatments? Is there a chance the myopia treatments could worsen a child’s dry eye symptoms? Or perhaps improve them?

There is much to consider, and your optometrist will carefully treat each case on an individual basis.

Below, we’ll explain what dry eye syndrome (DES) is and how it may relate to myopia management.

A Brief Overview of Dry Eye Syndrome

DES is a chronic lack of ocular hydration due to insufficient tears or an imbalance in the components that make up the tears (oil, mucus and water).

Certain health conditions, medications, weather conditions, aging, allergies, nutritional deficiencies, and excessive screen time can all contribute to the onset and severity of DES.

Common signs and symptoms of DES include:

  • Red, irritated eyes
  • Watery eyes
  • Stinging or burning eyes
  • Grittiness
  • Blurred vision
  • Light sensitivity
  • Stringy mucus around the eyes
  • Frequent eye rubbing

DES can be successfully treated in a number of ways, including artificial tears, medicated eye drops, nutritional supplements and by implementing proper eyelid hygiene, like cleaning the eyelids and regions adjacent to the eyes daily. Your eye doctor will prescribe the treatment that targets the underlying cause of your condition.

What Puts Children and Teens at Risk of Developing DES?

Although children have a lower risk of developing DES than adults, they can still suffer from its painful and irritating symptoms. Some experts believe that dry eye syndrome is underdiagnosed in children because they may lack the verbal skills to describe their discomfort.

Risk factors for a child/adolescent developing DES are:

  • Allergies
  • Certain medications (acne medication, antidepressants, anti-anxiety medications, antihistamines)
  • Certain health conditions (blepharitis, herpes simplex viruses, evaporative eye disease, certain neurological disorders, diabetes, inflammatory conditions)
  • Excessive screen time (people blink less when staring at a screen
  • Nutritional deficiencies

If any of the above factors relate to your child, discuss them with your child’s optometrist before deciding on a particular myopia management treatment.

Myopia Management Options and DES

Multifocal Contact Lenses

These lenses are worn during the day and are usually discarded every night. Children naturally produce more oil in their tears and have a higher tear volume, making contact lenses more comfortable to wear and reducing the risk of DES symptoms.

Some research suggests that children with ocular allergies can actually benefit from wearing contact lenses, as the lens creates a barrier between the eye’s surface and airborne allergens.

However, children with seasonal allergies who regularly take antihistamines may be prone to DES due to the anticholinergic effects of the medicine that inhibit lacrimal gland functioning and reduce the child’s tear volume.

If children experience mild discomfort with daytime lens wear, they may find relief using lubricating eye drops.

Ortho-K Lenses

Ortho-k lenses (also called ‘orthokeratology’), are rigid gas-permeable contact lenses that are worn overnight during sleep. These lenses gently and safely change the shape of the cornea, so children don’t need to wear glasses or contacts during the day. They are removed in the morning and leave the child with crisp and clear vision.

Ortho-k is a fine choice for children who can’t wear daytime lenses due to allergies, DES, or other eye irritations. They are also great for children and teens who participate in sports and other physical activities since no daytime eyewear is required.

Atropine Eye Drops

These medicated eye drops are placed into the eyes once per day and have been shown to effectively slow childhood myopia progression.

Atropine eye drops usually contain preservatives that can cause eye irritation and dryness. However, the low-dose atropine drops prescribed to children have no clinically significant effect on the eyes with regards to DES.

If Your Child Has Myopia, We Can Help!

The bottom line is that even a child with sensitive eyes or DES can still benefit from myopia management treatments. Your optometrist will guide you on what options are the safest, most comfortable and convenient for you and your child.

If your child has myopia or is at risk of developing it, don’t wait until it’s too late. Halt their myopia now, and they’ll thank you later.

To schedule your child’s myopia consultation, call Little Lake Family Eye Care Myopia Center today!

Our practice serves patients from Barrie, Ontario, Midland, Oro-Medonte, and Wasaga Beach, Ontario and surrounding communities.
Myopia Management Appointment
Want To Discuss Myopia? Call 705-410-0996
Learn More About Myopia Management
Specialty FAQ Thumbnail.jpg

Myopia Management FAQ

dry eye quiz thubnail.jpg

Myopia Management Quiz

kids eye exam.jpg

Myopia Management Blog

Candidate For Myopia Management Thumbnail.jpg

Is Your Child A Candidate For Myopia Management?

thumbnail girl wearing pink white teal and blue crew neck cold 1068205 1.jpg

What Treatments Are Used In Myopia Management? 

Read Our Latest Posts
Myopic Parents 640×350 1

Are Myopic Parents More Likely to Have Myopic Children?

How Myopia Nearsightedness Can Affect Your Childs Life 640×350 1

How Myopia (Nearsightedness) Can Affect Your Child’s Life

How to Reduce Your Childs Screen Time 640×350 1

5 Ways to Reduce Your Child’s Screen Time

How to Reduce Your Childs Risk of Myopia 640×350 1

How to Reduce Your Child’s Risk of Myopia

Brothers Crawling in Tunnel 1280×480

Home »

Why You Should Care About Myopia

Myopia is one of the most widespread vision problems in the world today, and the numbers are growing. Particularly troubling is that it is being diagnosed earlier in school children and rising in severity.

If you have a young child, we recommend regular eye exams because the condition is known to progress rapidly throughout childhood, causing significant risk to your child’s eye health in the long term.

Visit Dr. Tahmina Arieb at Little Lake Family Eye Care Myopia Center to learn more about myopia and myopia management.

1 in 3 Children Have Myopia

Statistics show an alarming increase in myopia (nearsightedness) among children—25% in the past 40 years alone. Today, myopia affects 40% of the population, and by the year 2050, half of the world’s population is expected to be myopic.

More than 50% of parents are unaware that myopia increases the risk of developing severe eye diseases such as glaucoma or retinal detachment later in life.

Many researchers believe that increased use of digital devices and reduced time spent outdoors are among the causes.

Myopia Increases the Risk of Severe Eye Diseases

Myopia progresses rapidly during childhood. As the level of myopia increases, so does the risk of sight-threatening retinal damage, such as glaucoma, cataract, retinal detachment and myopic macular degeneration (maculopathy). Early treatment through myopia management can slow down or even stop the progression.

The level of myopia a child has is directly correlated to their risk of eye disease — the higher the myopia, the greater the risk.

Higher Risks With High Myopia

Glaucoma. Research shows that people with moderate or high myopia have a 50% higher risk of developing glaucoma.

Cataract. The rate of cataract surgery in people with high myopia is 17% higher than in patients with moderate myopia.

Retinal Detachment. A child between -0.75D and -3.00 is more than 3 times more likely to develop retinal detachment in the future. That number triples for individuals with high myopia (-5.00 and above).

The risk of myopic macula disease is also influenced by the level of a child’s nearsightedness. Children under -5.00 have just a 0.42% of developing this serious eye condition, but anything above -5.00 the risk level leaps to 25.3%.

Is Your Child at Risk?

Fill out our Myopia Assessment Quiz to find out.

What Is Myopia?

Myopia, also known as nearsightedness or shortsightedness, causes blurry distance vision, while near vision remains clear. This refractive error is often hereditary and develops in early childhood. If left untreated, it progresses rapidly until early adulthood. High levels of myopia can lead to serious vision impairment. It is the most common vision problem in the world today.

What Does a Myopic Eye Look Like?

In a healthy eye, light passes through the eye lens and comes into focus directly on the retina, located at the back of the eye. In a myopic eye, the eyeball is too long, and therefore the image comes into focus in front of the retina.

myopia diagram

Should Your Child Wear Prescription Glasses?

Glasses enable your child to see clearly. However, they do not reduce peripheral hyperopia, which is considered to be the main reason why the eyeball grows longer and myopia progresses.

By the time your child reaches adulthood, he or she may be at risk of severe eye disease due to the high level of myopia. Myopia management, on the other hand, slows down or even stops the progression. The prescription is kept low, and so is the risk.

Facts About Myopia Management

There is published evidence that

  • Low-dose atropine has been effective in reducing the progression of myopia.
  • Special contact lenses that reduce peripheral hyperopia can slow the progression of myopia.
  • Orthokeratology treatment can decelerate myopia progression.

Myopia Management in Ontario for Your Child

Contact Little Lake Family Eye Care Myopia Center if the assessment above has shown that your child is at risk of developing myopia, or you feel the need for reassurance regarding your child’s vision. We will conduct an eye exam and offer methods of myopia management, proven to slow down myopia progression effectively.

Our practice serves patients from Barrie, Ontario, Midland, Oro-Medonte, and Wasaga Beach, Ontario and surrounding communities.

Resources:

Myopia Management Appointment
Want To Discuss Myopia? Call 705-410-0996
Learn More About Myopia Management
Specialty FAQ Thumbnail.jpg

Myopia Management FAQ

dry eye quiz thubnail.jpg

Myopia Management Quiz

kids eye exam.jpg

Myopia Management Blog

Candidate For Myopia Management Thumbnail.jpg

Is Your Child A Candidate For Myopia Management?

thumbnail girl wearing pink white teal and blue crew neck cold 1068205 1.jpg

What Treatments Are Used In Myopia Management? 

Read Our Latest Posts
Myopic Parents 640×350 1

Are Myopic Parents More Likely to Have Myopic Children?

How Myopia Nearsightedness Can Affect Your Childs Life 640×350 1

How Myopia (Nearsightedness) Can Affect Your Child’s Life

How to Reduce Your Childs Screen Time 640×350 1

5 Ways to Reduce Your Child’s Screen Time

How to Reduce Your Childs Risk of Myopia 640×350 1

How to Reduce Your Child’s Risk of Myopia